Top 5 Essential Oracle ERP Modules You Need

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Businesses experience difficulties from even minor workflow management issues, leading to the need for Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) modules to aid in channeling productivity as businesses face the consequences of irregular business operations.

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is an efficient database-sharing medium for managing daily operational tasks more effectively and quickly. This allows displaying information such as financial flow, human resources, supply chain distribution, and other minute tasks across multiple server systems. Oracle ERP modules enhance the decision-making process and forecast accuracy in resource planning.

Certain Oracle ERP modules for organization software can be deployed quickly by hiring dedicated developers from ERP consulting services. Each module in an ERP system is tailored specifically to departmental requirements and the everyday activities that arise in enterprises, with these functions often occurring across departments or enterprises.

If, for instance, a company has a large-scale supply chain to delegate material and product distribution regularly to channel partners, a dedicated supply chain module would need to be included within their ERP system that channel partners can easily access. This makes sub-organizational management efficient by prioritizing single-unit work delegation in multi-line organizations.

What Is Oracle ERP?

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) refers to software organizations use to manage day-to-day business activities such as supply chain operations. A complete ERP suite also contains enterprise performance analyzer applications that help plan, expense, predict, and report solutions provided by administrations.

Oracle ERP is a cloud-based software solution used to automate back-office processes and daily business activities. As part of a business management suite, it consists of the financial, supply chain, project, accounting, enterprise risk identification and force of compliance management, and procurement. Streamlining multiple processes into one cohesive whole aims to increase collaboration, enhance productivity, and enable data-driven decisions.

What Are ERP Modules?

ERP modules are an ERP system's building blocks or business capabilities/processes. These components serve the back office functions such as finance and accounting, procurement, demand planning, and human resources primarily, with some businesses also adding front-end CRM functionality such as customer relationship management (CRM). By having one central database across departments, users spend less time compiling data than performing strategic tasks.

ERP systems are built upon modules, but businesses take different approaches when purchasing and adding modules. Some organizations opt for the "big bang" implementation approach where all capabilities they need go live at once. Other organizations choose a phased approach - first introducing financial management capabilities, then procurement or HR, guided by a long-term roadmap at each step.

Sometimes, the phases are implemented business unit or global region by business unit, gradually adding functionality as required using a shared foundation. Another instance is during M&A activity when companies acquire another business and use this transaction to justify phased ERP implementations.

An ERP system relies on well-defined data structures within one database, so all modules plugging into it work similarly. No matter which department it comes from, data remains consistent across departments due to shared definitions and user experiences - creating order instead of chaos in business processes.

Top 5 Essential Oracle Cloud ERP Modules

Oracle Cloud ERP is a suite of modules that support a variety of aspects of business. Oracle Cloud ERP's top five modules may vary based on your organization's needs, but these modules are generally considered essential for many companies.

Module 1: Financial Module

Oracle Cloud ERP is a suite of enterprise resource planning modules that streamlines and optimizes various business processes. The Financial Module is one of these five modules that organizations need to consider when improving their reporting and financial management capabilities.

#Comprehensive Financial Management

Oracle Cloud ERP's Financial Module provides an integrated approach to managing finances. The Financial module covers many functions, including the general ledger and accounts payable. It also includes accounts receivables, cash management, and fixed assets.

The comprehensive coverage of this system allows companies to integrate their financial operations and data into one integrated, single platform. It streamlines the economic process, minimizes errors in data entry, and assures the accuracy of data, which is essential for effective financial management.

#Real-time Financial Insights

It is equipped with robust reporting and analysis capabilities. The Financial module provides organizations with real-time financial data to allow them to make informed business decisions.

It is essential to monitor performance, track budgets, and analyze financial trends. This helps companies respond proactively to market changes and make data-driven decisions, which ensures financial stability and growth.

#Compliance and Regulatory Requirements

Compliance with financial reporting and regulatory requirements has become essential today. Oracle Cloud ERP's Financial Module is designed to meet the ever-changing regulatory requirements.

Financial module's main goal is to maintain the trust of all stakeholders by reporting and auditing transactions in accordance with local and international accounting standards, like Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), while preventing any penalties.

#Cost Control and Optimization

Financial management is fundamentally based on cost control. Oracle Cloud ERP Financial Module allows companies to manage and track costs effectively. Businesses can reduce or optimize costs by using expense tracking, cost allocation, and budgeting. It is essential to maintain profitability and ensure long-term financial stability.

#Integration with Other Modules

Oracle Cloud ERP, a modular software, integrates seamlessly with essential modules such as Procurement (Procurement), Human Capital Management(HCM), or Supply Chain Management. Integrating the Financial module allows a smooth flow of data throughout an organization.

When an organization buys goods and services via the procurement module, this can have a direct impact on the general ledger, accounts payable, or the financial module. This integration streamlines the processes, improves data accuracy, and eliminates duplicate efforts.

Module 2: The Procurement Module 

Oracle Cloud ERP is a suite of enterprise resource planning modules designed to address various business aspects. The Procurement Module is one of five key components that are essential for any organization looking to improve their efficiency and streamline procurement.

Oracle Cloud ERP's Procurement Module is essential for many reasons.

#Procurement Cycle Management  

It allows organizations to centralize and integrate their procurement process. All procurement functions, including requisitioning, supplier management, sourcing, and purchasing, are integrated into one platform. The module eliminates silos and redundancies while improving visibility in the entire procurement landscape.

#Purchase Order Management  

The Procurement Module has a core functionality of purchase order management. The module allows businesses to efficiently create, monitor, and manage purchase orders. This module provides for flexible approval workflows to ensure that all necessary authorizations have been obtained before purchases. The module allows for a tighter control of expenditures. It reduces the risks associated with maverick purchases and ensures compliance with procurement policy.

#Supplier Management

Oracle Cloud ERP's Procurement Module offers robust capabilities for managing suppliers. The Oracle Cloud ERP Procurement module allows companies to manage a database with all their suppliers. This includes performance evaluations and contract management tools. A central supplier repository facilitates evaluation of vendor performance and streamlines procurement by providing easy access to information about suppliers.


The module Procurement also includes a vital part of sourcing. The module provides organizations with tools to improve their sourcing strategy and better negotiate agreements with suppliers. The advanced features such as online auctions and supplier scorecards help to drive down costs and align the procurement process with the strategic goals of the organization.

#Reporting and Analytics for Procurement

The module also offers robust analytics capabilities and reports. The module provides real-time insight into the procurement process, supplier performance, and spending patterns. The analytics enable organizations to make data-driven decisions, find areas of cost reduction, and improve overall procurement efficiency.

#Integration with Other Modules

Oracle Cloud ERP's Procurement Module integrates with the other modules of its suite, such as Accounts Receivable, Financials, Inventory, and so on. Integrating procurement with inventory and financial management reduces errors and manual data input while providing an overall view of financial health.

Module 3: Supply Chain Management Module

Supply Chain Management (SCM) is one of five modules essential for organizations looking to optimize their supply chains, and Oracle Cloud ERP's SCM module features numerous capabilities and functionalities explicitly designed to help organizations streamline their operation.

#Demand Planning and Forecasting

Demand planning and forecasting is one of the main functions of SCM. The feature enables organizations to predict customer demand accurately and align inventory levels, making tasks easier for CRM solutions. It also optimizes production and procurement. Businesses can reduce inventory by integrating forecasting with production planning and inventory management. They will also improve customer satisfaction and decrease excess stock.

#Inventory Management

Inventory management is also a robust feature of the SCM module. The module provides real-time inventory visibility across the supply chain. This transparency allows organizations to make educated decisions regarding restocking and fulfilling orders. It also helps identify slow-moving inventory or outdated stock, reduce carrying costs, and prevent overstocking.

#Order Management and Fulfillment

Oracle Cloud ERP's SCM module provides advanced processes for order management and fulfillment. The module allows businesses to manage orders efficiently, prioritize them according to various criteria, and streamline the order-to-cash cycle. This module supports multiple order types such as drop-ships, standard charges, and configure-to-order. It caters to many business requirements.

#Transportation Management

Transport management is another essential feature of the SCM module. The module offers tools for optimizing transportation planning, tracking, and execution. It benefits companies with complicated supply chains that involve multiple modes of transport and different carriers. Businesses can improve their delivery time and reduce costs by optimizing transport routes.

#Comprehensive Analytics and Reporting

Oracle Cloud ERP's SCM module offers comprehensive reporting and analytics capabilities. The module provides real-time insight into the performance of supply chains, the reliability of suppliers, turnover rates in inventory, and much more. The analytics allow organizations to make informed decisions that improve the supply chain, lower costs, and increase customer service.

#International Supply Chain Operations

Modules are also available to assist with international supply chains. Multi-language, multi-currency, and other support is available to ensure that global supply chains can be managed efficiently. It is essential for companies with suppliers, clients, or manufacturing plants abroad.

#Integration with Other Modules

Integrating the SCM module with other Oracle Cloud ERP Modules, like Financials and Manufacturing, ensures the seamless linkage between supply chain processes and the financial and production process within the company. This integration eliminates manual data input and error. It also provides a comprehensive view of a company's operational and financial health.

Module 4: Human Capital Management Module

Human Capital Management (HCM) is one of five modules essential to the Oracle Cloud ERP Suite for companies looking to manage workforces, improve HR processes, and increase employee productivity. Oracle's HCM Module offers an extensive set of functionalities and features designed to satisfy the needs of HR departments.

#Talent Acquisition and Recruitment

Talent acquisition and recruitment are among the most essential features of the HCM module. The HCM module provides organizations with tools to attract, hire, and onboard top talents efficiently. It includes devices like the job posting feature, candidate tracking, and interview scheduling. The HCM module streamlines the recruitment process to help organizations find the best talent and save time and money in filling vacant positions.

#Workforce Management

The HCM module also has a critical feature called workforce management. The HCM module allows companies to manage their workforce effectively by managing employee data and work schedules and tracking attendance and time. It not only increases productivity but ensures that labor laws and policies are followed. This module allows employees to self-serve, enabling them to take care of their data, request time off, and perform other HR-related tasks.

#Performance Management

Talent management features in the HCM module help organizations identify and nurture employee potential and skills. The module provides performance management tools, goal setting, and feedback. The module encourages managers and staff to engage in ongoing conversations about their performance and growth, promoting a culture that supports continuous improvement. It also helps companies retain and develop top talent.

#Learning and Development

This module has robust features for learning and development. The module allows for the creation and delivery of training programs. It also monitors employee progress and tracks how learning initiatives affect performance. This function is essential for organizations to remain competitive in a dynamic, rapidly changing work environment. It ensures that employees continue learning new technologies and skills.

#Benefits Management

Oracle HCM also offers comprehensive tools for compensation and benefit management. The module supports the creation and administration of competitive compensation packages, as well as bonuses and benefits. Aligning compensation to performance allows organizations to motivate top performers and keep them while ensuring their salaries align with the market.

#Workforce Analytics and Reporting

The HCM module offers advanced reporting and analytics capabilities and core functionality. This allows for real-time insight into HR metrics and performance, as well as workforce data. The analytics enable organizations to make data-driven decisions regarding employee engagement and development, workforce strategy, and HR performance.

#Integration with Other Modules

Integration of HCM with Oracle Cloud ERP modules such as Financials and Procurement ensures seamless integration between HR processes and financial and procurement activity. The integration of HCM with other Oracle Cloud ERP modules, such as Financials and Procurement, ensures that HR data and processes are seamlessly linked to the organization's procurement and financial activities.

Module 5: Project Portfolio Management (PPM) Module

Oracle Cloud ERP includes Project Portfolio Management as a core component. It ranks among the five most important modules organizations need to manage projects and resources effectively. Oracle's PPM module provides a set of functionalities and tools designed to improve project execution and monitoring throughout the company.

#Project Selection and Prioritization  

The PPM module's ability to prioritize and select projects is one of its core functions. This functionality allows businesses to align their portfolios of projects with strategic goals. This tool will enable organizations to assess potential projects based on factors such as expected return on investments, resources available, and risks.

Companies can allocate resources efficiently by prioritizing and selecting strategic and valuable projects. They will also ensure they work on the initiatives that drive growth.

#Project Planning and Scheduling

PPM also provides robust scheduling and project planning capabilities. The PPM module allows organizations to define and create project milestones, assign resources, set up project tasks, and plan detailed projects. It supports a variety of project management methods, including Agile, Waterfall, and Hybrid, to ensure that it can adapt to different industries and projects.

#Comprehensive Resource Management

Oracle PPM provides an array of resource management features. This module allows for efficient resource management and allocation, as well as ensuring that the correct people are assigned to the appropriate projects. The result is increased project efficiency and resource usage.

#Financial Management

Financial management capabilities in the module allow organizations to manage and track project costs and revenue, as well as budgets and expenses, in real time. The module's financial management features ensure that project budgets and financial goals remain on track. Integrating other Oracle Cloud ERP Modules, including Financials and Procurement, allows for a smooth flow of information from project management to accounting. This reduces errors and manual data entry.

#Communication and Collaboration

It supports communication and collaboration within projects. The PPM module offers tools for team collaboration and document sharing. It promotes communication between project stakeholders and the sharing of knowledge using artificial intelligence (AI) solutions, which will improve overall project success.

#Reporting and Analytics

Oracle PPM's module includes powerful analytics and reporting features that give organizations insights into project performance, resource usage, and financial metrics. The analytics allow for data-driven decisions, allowing organizations to optimize project delivery and improve outcomes.

#Integration with Other Modules

PPM integrates seamlessly with Oracle Cloud ERP modules such as Procurement, Inventory, or Human Capital Management to give a comprehensive view of the project's impact and activities. This integration improves the accuracy of data, streamlines processes related to projects, and allows the organization to make better decisions.

Selecting the Appropriate ERP Modules for Your Business

While each business's optimal ERP modules will vary based on its business model, industry, current obstacles, and other considerations, most organizations require certain modules to run efficiently. Every organization must utilize some finance and accounting module to operate, monitor its financial health, and pay its bills on time. With this software, any organization can run efficiently.

Although not as essential, most businesses - regardless of industry or services provided - rely on some customer base, making CRM an invaluable module. HRM (Human Resource Management) solutions also prove worthwhile investments for any organization with multiple employees; employees must be paid promptly, while employers require a central platform that tracks employee information and development opportunities.

Any product company, including most manufacturers, distributors, and retailers, can benefit from having a supply chain management module. Most organizations begin with inventory and order management modules as essential daily functions before possibly adding manufacturing, warehouse management, and procurement solutions in later steps.

Services businesses such as consultancies, agencies, and maintenance and repair providers could experience a rapid return on investment with a project management module. It automates time-intensive billing processes while streamlining resource planning for projects.

Commerce and marketing automation software may not fall under the umbrella of ERP solutions; however, businesses rely heavily on them to attract and convert customers - especially as internet usage has become a primary driver of new business. At the same time, non-ERP vendors provide marketing automation and commerce solutions that may provide tighter integration or share an easy user interface that reduces learning curves and fosters employee adoption of their systems.

Implementing and purchasing an ERP platform could be daunting and time-consuming, but starting with the system that fits your business is key to starting strong and expanding as needed. Your ideal module for your business should meet current needs while being expandable enough to help meet future growth opportunities and challenges.


Oracle ERP modules provide an advanced solution for enterprise tasks - no matter how complex or simple - by streamlining work and resource management and decreasing time consumption and costs in producing final process output.

As you peruse Oracle Cloud ERP modules, it can be easy to become overwhelmed with all the possibilities and improvements they could bring to your organization. Switching to Oracle may be risky but selecting us as your trusted vendor partner ensures a consultant team that works across business applications for maximum return on software investment.

Oracle ERP systems contain many modules that can lead to data overload and extra spending, which can lead to additional and irrelevant modules clogging up their resources and lowering the performance of your system. If a corporation needs to define its operations structure properly and pursue excessive module integration, its system performance could suffer dramatically.

To avoid that situation, it's advisable to employ dedicated developers from custom software development services who can offer expert guidance regarding your business requirements and what databases should be chosen for database management.


Assim Gupta

Assim Gupta linkedin-icon-squre


Assim Gupta is the CEO and Founder of Closeloop, a cutting-edge software development firm that brings bold ideas to life. Assim is a strategic thinker who always asks “WHY are we doing this?” before rolling up his sleeves and digging in. He is data-driven and highly analytical, yet his passion is working with teams to build unexpected, creative solutions that catapult companies forward.

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